The treatment of dry or dehydrated hands is a hand treatment that many men and women need, since the skin of the hands, despite being strong, is sometimes unprotected from moisture, dryness, cold, or chemical agents, such as detergents.
Why are our hands dry?
Water is the basis of skin’s vitality and beauty. When the amount of it is insufficient, the horny layer loses elasticity, creating a feeling of tightness.
The environmental aggressions and mainly the chemical products (soaps, detergents, solvents, etc.) provoke the dehydration of the epidermis, the detoxification of the hydrolipidic layer that protects the skin, favor certain pigmentary alterations.
The skin appears dry, rough to the touch, red, with a tendency to crack and dry in the cuticle and around the nail.
What is the skin on the hands like and why does it dry so easily?
Unlike the feet, which we wear covered especially in the cold season, the hands, which we use continuously and are always in the air, are more unprotected, so to keep them healthy we must take care of them regularly.
The skin of the palm and the back of the hand is different. The skin on the back has hair follicles, melanocytes, and few sebaceous glands and fatty tissue. It is a skin that dehydrates easily. However, in the skin of the palm of the hand there are no hair follicles, but more sweat and sebaceous glands, which makes it more resistant than the skin on the back.
The skin on the back of the hand, lacking sebaceous glands, has difficulty retaining water, so it dehydrates more easily and deteriorates.
What dries out your hands?
- The cold weather
- Moisture in the air and excessive hand wetting.
- Wash with overly aggressive detergents.
- Contact of hands with overly aggressive chemicals: detergents, solvents.
- Contact with products in certain jobs such as dust, dirt, chemicals, etc.
- Chronic problems such as hypothyroidism, diabetes or psoriasis, which tend to lead to dehydration.
Dry Hand Treatment
Treatments for dry hands will be aimed at moisturizing and restoring the hydrolipidic layer of the skin.
In the cabin they will be applied:
- Moisturizing and moisturizing cosmetics such as glycerin, sorbitol, propylene glycol, MFN; animal (lanolin) and vegetable (cocoa butter, shea butter, jojoba) emollients; fatty acids (palmitic, stearic, oleic); mineral oils.
- Physical and chemical exfoliants: silica powder, AHA, retinol, etc.
- Paraffin baths: moisturize, soften the skin, eliminate toxins and activate blood circulation, dilate the pore and facilitate the penetration of other substances.
- Occlusive techniques: cream wraps that facilitate sweating, using osmotic film and wrapping hands in a warm towel.
In addition, the manual massage of the hands of an esthetician activates the skin’s metabolism, improves the colour of the skin thanks to the elimination of dead cells, and activates the blood circulation by favouring the supply of nutrients and oxygen to the cells.
Some of the equipment used in the cabin to treat dry hands are:
- Infrared: radiation that produces heat.
- Spraying: spray an infusion of chamomile or moisturizing lotion.
- High frequency, and effluvium: they activate the peripheral circulation.
Paraffin Dry Hand Treatment
Paraffin wax is a solid, odourless substance obtained by distilling a complex mixture of saturated hydrocarbons contained in petroleum.
The paraffin used for the treatment of hands and feet is very refined. Its melting temperature barely reaches 42 degrees C. It is enriched with essences and moisturizing active ingredients.
The paraffin bath is a deep skin treatment, easy to perform and with immediate and visible results.
This paraffin treatment allows the skin to transpire, causing the natural moisturization of the skin of the hands. In addition, this effect, like a “mini sauna”, provides instant and long-lasting hydration.
What should the cream be like to moisturize your hands?
The best cream for treating dry hands is the one rich in lipids. Ointment types are fantastic, as they have the ability to form a protective and repairing film on the skin of the hands.
Wrapping your hands in cling film, one of those we use to wrap food, helps to make hydration more effective, as it will form an occlusive film that will help the cream absorb more. Remember, apply the hand cream also on nails and cuticles.
And make sure your hand moisturizer incorporates some of these cosmetic active ingredients:
- Mineral oils, lanolin, petroleum jelly, will help protect the skin on your hands.
- Lactic acid and urea, which help to eliminate dead cells and stimulate the healing of more damaged hands.
- Vitamins A, E and B5, which help cracked hands to heal.
- Shea butter, which is highly moisturizing and nourishing.
- Beeswax and liquid paraffin wax, which protects the skin of the hands.
- Glycerin or glycerol, components that protect and moisturize the hands.
- Silicones such as dimethicone, which exerts an occlusive power that protects them from the outside.
- Hyaluronic acid, which is hydrating.
- Jojoba, coconut, argan, monoi, and squalane oils, which provide the necessary lipids for dehydration.
Some tips to keep your hands hydrated
- Apply daily moisturizing creams with sunscreen protection.
- Wear latex or rubber gloves when working with irritants is required, and cotton or wool gloves to protect from the cold and air.
- Drink at least 2 litres of water a day.
- Eat a balanced diet and eat plenty of fruits and vegetables.
- The number of sessions will depend on the state of the skin dehydration, but usually between 15 and 20 sessions would be necessary.
- The frequency will be at the beginning of once a week, to be spaced according to its evolution every 10, 15 or 20 days.